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By Professor Peter Collins
In this issue Professor Collins examines the lessons we should
have learnt from the last five years. He discusses why gambling
legislation will be controversial; the economic reality of restricting
the availability of commercial gambling; why it is important to
have a full public debate; and some consequences of the decision
to allow only one Regional casino.
Behavioral Economics, Neuroeconomics, and Problem Gambling.
By Don Ross, Professor of Philosophy and Economics, University
of Alabama & Professor of Economics, University of Cape Town.
This fascinating article looks at gambling and problem gambling
from a perspective of Behavioral Economics – what people
actually do with their finances in various situations. He goes
on to describe three Behavioural Economic theories of addiction
that look at cost-benefit relationships v behavioural alternatives
(Loewenstein’s model); avoidance of addiction by setting
personal rules (Ainslie’s theory); and the propensity for
people to maximise short-term rather than long-term utility (Rachlin’s
The Relationship Between State Lotteries And the wider Gambling
By Dr. David Forrest, Centre for the Study of Gambling, University
Dr. Forrest examines public policy issues that are related to the
extent to which the market for lottery products is linked to those
for other forms of gambling. He bases his paper on three separate
studies to compare Lotto spend compared to spend on other gambling
and/or risk taking activities such as drinking or smoking; Lotto
and Betting; and Lotto and Machine Gambling.
Focus on the UK: A Nation that Gambles but Fails to see the Benefits.
By Anton Kaszubowski, Managing Director, Fun Technologies plc.
The author writes that the modernisation of the UK’s outdated
gambling legislation represents a sea change for the industry.
He examines the findings of a YouGov study into public opinion
towards gambling and gambling reform in the UK.
The Future of Greyhound Racing
By Lord David Lipsey of Tooting Bec, Chairman of the British Greyhound
Lord Lipsey writes about the Gambling Bill and the role it will
play in the future of greyhound racing. He examines the positives
and the negatives for this sport that has been a part of British
life since 1926.
European Law and Cross-Border Gambling
Adrian Morris, director of finance – Betting Division, Stanley
In this informative article that is based on a talk given to the
Society, Adrian Morris provides a view of gambling across borders
within Europe and comments on where that is leading. He looks at
the structure of gambling in Europe, asks why people gamble across
borders, reviews the recent legal history and proposed legislative
changes, and reacts to those changes.
Handling the Problem Gambler
By Sir David Durie, Chairman, Responsibility in Gambling Trust.
Sir David explains the role of RIGT with its aim of making it less
likely that people will become problem gamblers and more likely
that those who do will be able to seek and secure effective help.
Industry Regulation and the New Gambling Commission:
By Peter Dean, Chairman, Gaming Board for Great Britain
This article has been adapted from an address to the InterGame
conference of October 2004. It looks at the role and powers of
the proposed Gambling Commission, what preparations are underway,
what else needs doing, and the approach that the Commission will
adopt in relation to the three primary objectives of gambling
UK Casinos: How many and where?
By John Lucas, Centre for the Study of Gambling, University of
In this paper John Lucas sets out the theoretical economic issues
that underpinned the debate about the number and location of casinos
in the UK. Using a diagrammatic format his examines regional casinos
and industry profits; regional casinos and stakeholders’ positions;
and regional casino policy issues.
Problem Gambling and Public Policy
By Peter Collins, Professor of Public Policy Studies and Director
of the Centre for the Study of Gambling, University of Salford.
This discussion of some relevant evidence looks at the attitudes
of those pro-commercial gambling and those against it; the fact
that the majority retain control of their gambling; that the risk
of becoming a problem gambler is affected by the regulatory framework;
that there is a surprising degree of convergence in the estimates
of problem gambling across the world; and which responsible gambling
features are likely to be effective.
By: Professor Peter Collins.
In this editorial the Editor poses the question “Do we need
a new Gambling bill?”
He argues this from a public policy perspective and highlights
some of the tensions between advocates and opponents of a new bill.
can be expected in the U.K. with the New Gambling Act?
By: Professor Bill Eadington, Director,Institute for the Study
of Gambling and Commercial Gaming, University of Nevada, Reno.
Professor Eadington compares the rather careful and deliberate
approach in Britain to the economic interest group approach in
America to gambling law revision. In this article he focuses on
the development of casinos in the UK and draws on lessons that
can be learnt from other jurisdictions. Emphasising a difference
between “attractive” gaming and “ugly” gaming
he discusses financial, planning, amenity and social impact implications
that can be expected under the new Act.
A Tale of Two Reports: The 1901 – 02
Select Committee on Gambling and the Gambling Report of 2001.
By: Dr Gregory Anderson, Centre for the Study of Gambling, University
This fascinating article contrasts the sharply different attitude
and approach to gambling that occurred during the 20th Century.
At the beginning on the century the over-riding attitude towards
gambling was its prohibition, and that was a predominant view until
the late 1950’s when a more accepting stance began to emerge.
Learning about Casinos: a Consumer’s
By: Marc Etches, Managing director, Leisure Parcs.
This interesting and insightful article relates the author’s
learning and experience in attending and American development programme
entitled: “Opportunities and Strategies in Evolving Gaming
Opportunity with Responsibility.
By Dominic Harrison, [formerly] Ladbrokes Worldwide.
The author states the case for the betting industry to be governed
by better regulation rather than uncontrolled deregulation. He
puts forward the hypothesis that the opportunity for betting under
the new gambling bill may be significant but operators must be
cognisant of their responsibilities and highly aware that there
can be unintended consequences as the result of legislation.
Do betting exchanges threaten the integrity of sport?
By: Mark Davies, Betfair.
The author examines the evidence and puts forward a powerful case
to suggest that it does not and, on the contrary, betting exchanges
contribute significantly to the detection of criminal interference
in the outcome of a sporting event.
From Here to There: The View from BACTA
By: Keith Smith
This article, which is the basis of a presentation made at a Society
meeting, takes a critical look at the proposed legislation and
the implications for the machines industry covering Seaside Arcades,
Adult Gaming Centres, Machine suppliers and Manufacturers
Taxation Policy and Casinos
By: Peter Collins, Professor of Public Policy Studies and Director
of the Centre for the Study of Gambling, University of Salford.
This powerful article highlights the fact that the UK Government
has not properly articulated a policy about the economic benefits,
and goes on to suggest what needs to be done in order to maximise
public policy benefits from the modernisation of gambling laws.
The Society for the Study of Gambling:
Twenty-five years on, Lady Littler, Chairman the Gaming Board for
Great Britain 1992-1998
This paper specially written for the Society's Silver Jubilee
meeting plots a course through the regulation of gambling over the
last quarter century. It covers the situation in 1977, the changes
in the 1980's and 90's and covers some of Lady Littler's personal
opinions with regard to the proposed new Gambling Act.
From White Paper to Legislation (From an
address to a Salford University seminar, June 2002). Sir Alan Budd.
Provost, Queen's College Oxford. Chairman, Gambling Review Board
This article refers to the approach to the Gambling Review and
the identification of the "central dilemma - the age old question
of freedom v protection." Sir Alan goes on to highlight a few
of the less obvious issues that the review board considered. The
findings of the review are compared with the Government (DCMS) response.
The article also touches upon registration with the Gambling Commission,
powers of Local Authorities and protection of children.
Once upon a time in gambling world - with
deference to JRR Tolkien, Roy Ramm, London Clubs International.
This contribution is a witty and satirical sketch of the current
state of play in the field of gambling. A cleverly constructed light-hearted
portayal of hopes and anxieties.
Technology and Gambling: The social impact
of Internet gambling. Professor Mark Griffiths, Psychology Division,
Nottingham Trent Univerity.
Mark Griffiths opens by placing gambling in an Internet context
and gives an overview of some of the main social concerns surrounding
the rise in this medium to gamble. The paper also examines whether
Internet gambling is 'doubly addictive' given that research suggests
that the Internet itself may be addictive.
Gambling in the media. John Lucus, Centre
for the Study of Gambling and Commercial Gaming, University of Salford.
This input presents a critics review of 'The Commission', a Radio
Four programme fronted by Nick Ross where evidence is presented
to selected 'commissioners' who summarise their thoughts and make
conclusions. The episode reviewed was that broadcast in the Autumn
of 2002 which focussed on the impending relaxation of gambling laws.
Effects of casino gambling on crime and
quality of life in new Unitied States casino jurisdictions, Mark
W. Nichols, B Grant Stitt and David Giacopassi.
This paper examines the impact of casinos on communities based
on a research project covering eight new U.S. casino jurisdictions.
Findings indicate that most community leaders believe that casinos
have been good for their communities with up to a fifth seeing them
as a negative influence. The paper looks at the following areas
covered by the research: community perceptions, crime, suicide,
bankruptcy, divorce, social capital and quality of life.
The National Lottery: The case for competition. Dr David Forrest,
Centre for the Study of Gambling and Commercial Gaming, University
This article examines the proposition that it would be feasible
and desirable to address the lottery situation through reform based
on the notion that the consumer and public welfare is improved when
competition is introduced into a market. The paper reviews the traditional
case for treating the National Lottery as a monopoly; questions
whether a natural monopoly is justified; outlines how a competitive
industry might be organised; and looks at how liberalisation would
bring gains related to the Lotto game itself
The rise of mobile phone gambling, Dr.
Mark Griffiths, Psychology Division, Nottingham Trent University
This paper looks at the medium of wireless being the perfect for
online gambling. It explores the types of gambling that are likely
to work best on mobile phones; the applications that will suit '3G'
mobile phones; who will be attracted to using this medium to gamble;
and how it might be used within the context of everyday living.
The paper also address concerns and argues that access and convenience
could make "impulse betting" easier, that it might attract
a younger breed of gambler, and that there might be problems around
legal and regulatory issues.
Edited transcripts of speeches made at the Gambling Industry Forum
on 31st October 2001 concerning the Gambling Review.
Rt. Hon. Richard Caborn, MP` Minister for Sport, DCMS
John Kelly, CEO GalaGroup
Simon Thomas MD, Thomas Holdings Ltd
Andrew Burnett City Leisure Analyst, Merrill Lynch
Tom Kavanagh, Secretary to the Gaming Board for Great Britain
Julien Harris Partner, Pinsent Curtis Biddle
Paul Bellringer Director, GamCare
Paul Talboys, CEO The Bingo Association
Graham White Chief Inspector, Gaming Board for Great Britain
Chris Bone Policy Advisor, Gambling & Lottery Licensing Division,
Peter Collins Director, Centre for the Study of Gambling and Commercial
Gaming, University of Salford
Keith Smith President, BACTA
David Beeton Director General, British Casino Association
Trevor Beaumont, formerly MD Eurobet
The Bookmaker's Exodus, Christopher Hill
This interesting paper covers topical issues to do with: bookmaking,
betting and the levy; new friends for racing (referring to political
friends); the fact that racing interests have realised the importance
of the Internet; the new
publications titled 'Sports Advisor' and 'The Racing Tribe'; and
reference to the National Lottery.
Are All Men Equal On The Turf And Under
It?, Rebecca Cassidy
This paper argues that one of the attractions of betting on racehorses
is that it enables the negotiation of class differences. It describes
betting as a source of images of social mobility and equality in
contrast to the fixed nature of social relations in the racing industry.
It takes to task the favourite saying of the racing fraternity,
that 'all men are equal on the turf and under it.' It draws on fieldwork
spent with two groups of punters who can be found in any British
betting ring: 'mugs' and professionals.
Gaming on the Internet, David Annat
This paper covers: some interesting facts; online betting factors;
jurisdictions(or lack of them); opportunities and threats; taxation;
internal competition; infrastructure; marketing and brand name;
innovative marketing; gaining internet traffic; price comparisons;the
virtual betting shop; and a look at the future.
Innovative Gambling Scenarios with Preventative
Possibilities, Igor Kusyszyn.
The scenarios described in this paper are designed to expand the
possibility-thinking of care givers who work with problem gamblers
or with potential problem gamblers, and to inspire them to create
real-life scenarios that will benefit their clients and the clients'
Gambling Routines: Customer Profile and
Behaviour in UK Betting Shops, Mark Neal,
This paper describes an ongoing study into gambling in the UK to
examine off-course betting as a form of social life. It identifies
several features of betting shop life that complement and refine
the research literature to date; the different sub-groups within
the off-course betting population; how they manage their activities
in terms of their finances and their domestic and work responsibilities;
the often subtle social dynamics of the betting shop. The paper
also identifies the different sub-groups involved in off-course
betting, and discusses the different times at which they bet and
the different strategies they use.
Betting on the Future, Steve Donoughue,
At the Society's meeting on 13 May 1999 Steve Donoughue thought
aloud about where the Internet might lead gambling. This article
is a summary of what he said.
Women Problem Gamblers: A new focus for
treatment provision, Faith L. Freestone,
This article looks at some of the differences between male and
female problem gamblers. It covers motivation for gambling; patterns
of participation; problems and presentation of problems; and existence
and co-existence. The article goes on to look at ways of providing
help specifically for women problem gamblers and to highlight some
directions for future research in this area.
Gambling Behaviour Before and After the Launch of the National Lottery
and Scratch Cards in the UK: a pilot study, Robin-Marie Shepherd
and Professor Hamid Ghodse,
This article featured a study that monitored gambling behaviour
in 206 residents of Cambridgeshire before and after the launch of
the UK's National Lottery. The study found that the affirmative
responses to DSM-IV criteria increased significantly at six months
after the introduction of the National Lottery and remained at that
level at the twelve month follow up. The study also suggested that
those with household incomes of less than £12,000 and less
than 'O' level education might be particularly vulnerable to develop
problems with lottery and scratch card play.
Problem Gambling I: A view from BACTA, Warren Newman,
This article take a look at multiple compulsions; establishing
a Gaming Board; social policy considerations; GamCare; research
issues; cold fusion; the Prevalence Study; quaint legislation; and
Problem Gambling II: A view from Ladbrokes,
This article looks at the issue of responsible gambling, and the
importance of finding a balance between the provision of betting
facilities and the protection of the public, especially the younger
and more vulnerable members of the public.
The Functions of the Levy Board and the
Administration of Betting Rings at Horse Racecourses, Lucilla Evers,
This piece covers a brief description of the role, functions and
work of the Horserace Betting Levy Board; an explanation of the
levy imposed on bookmakers; the statutory purposes of the Board;
the issuing of Certificates of Approval at racecourses; and the
approval of betting areas.