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This page contains extracts from archived Society newsletters. If you wish to become a member and receive the newsletter regularly, please use the membership form or use our web form to obtain further details. More recent newsletter extracts can be found on the main Newsletter page.

Newsletter 38
Newsletter 37
Newsletter 36
Newsletter 35
Newsletter 34
Newsletter 33

Newsletter 38

By Professor Peter Collins

In this issue Professor Collins examines the lessons we should have learnt from the last five years. He discusses why gambling legislation will be controversial; the economic reality of restricting the availability of commercial gambling; why it is important to have a full public debate; and some consequences of the decision to allow only one Regional casino.

Behavioral Economics, Neuroeconomics, and Problem Gambling.
By Don Ross, Professor of Philosophy and Economics, University of Alabama & Professor of Economics, University of Cape Town.

This fascinating article looks at gambling and problem gambling from a perspective of Behavioral Economics – what people actually do with their finances in various situations. He goes on to describe three Behavioural Economic theories of addiction that look at cost-benefit relationships v behavioural alternatives (Loewenstein’s model); avoidance of addiction by setting personal rules (Ainslie’s theory); and the propensity for people to maximise short-term rather than long-term utility (Rachlin’s theory).

The Relationship Between State Lotteries And the wider Gambling Sector.
By Dr. David Forrest, Centre for the Study of Gambling, University of Salford.

Dr. Forrest examines public policy issues that are related to the extent to which the market for lottery products is linked to those for other forms of gambling. He bases his paper on three separate studies to compare Lotto spend compared to spend on other gambling and/or risk taking activities such as drinking or smoking; Lotto and Betting; and Lotto and Machine Gambling.

Focus on the UK: A Nation that Gambles but Fails to see the Benefits.
By Anton Kaszubowski, Managing Director, Fun Technologies plc.

The author writes that the modernisation of the UK’s outdated gambling legislation represents a sea change for the industry. He examines the findings of a YouGov study into public opinion towards gambling and gambling reform in the UK.

The Future of Greyhound Racing
By Lord David Lipsey of Tooting Bec, Chairman of the British Greyhound Racing Board.

Lord Lipsey writes about the Gambling Bill and the role it will play in the future of greyhound racing. He examines the positives and the negatives for this sport that has been a part of British life since 1926.

European Law and Cross-Border Gambling
Adrian Morris, director of finance – Betting Division, Stanley Leisure plc.

In this informative article that is based on a talk given to the Society, Adrian Morris provides a view of gambling across borders within Europe and comments on where that is leading. He looks at the structure of gambling in Europe, asks why people gamble across borders, reviews the recent legal history and proposed legislative changes, and reacts to those changes.

Handling the Problem Gambler
By Sir David Durie, Chairman, Responsibility in Gambling Trust.

Sir David explains the role of RIGT with its aim of making it less likely that people will become problem gamblers and more likely that those who do will be able to seek and secure effective help.

Industry Regulation and the New Gambling Commission:
By Peter Dean, Chairman, Gaming Board for Great Britain

This article has been adapted from an address to the InterGame conference of October 2004. It looks at the role and powers of the proposed Gambling Commission, what preparations are underway, what else needs doing, and the approach that the Commission will adopt in relation to the three primary objectives of gambling

UK Casinos: How many and where?
By John Lucas, Centre for the Study of Gambling, University of Salford.

In this paper John Lucas sets out the theoretical economic issues that underpinned the debate about the number and location of casinos in the UK. Using a diagrammatic format his examines regional casinos and industry profits; regional casinos and stakeholders’ positions; and regional casino policy issues.

Problem Gambling and Public Policy
By Peter Collins, Professor of Public Policy Studies and Director of the Centre for the Study of Gambling, University of Salford.

This discussion of some relevant evidence looks at the attitudes of those pro-commercial gambling and those against it; the fact that the majority retain control of their gambling; that the risk of becoming a problem gambler is affected by the regulatory framework; that there is a surprising degree of convergence in the estimates of problem gambling across the world; and which responsible gambling features are likely to be effective.

Newsletter 37

By: Professor Peter Collins.
In this editorial the Editor poses the question “Do we need a new Gambling bill?”

He argues this from a public policy perspective and highlights some of the tensions between advocates and opponents of a new bill.

What can be expected in the U.K. with the New Gambling Act?
By: Professor Bill Eadington, Director,Institute for the Study of Gambling and Commercial Gaming, University of Nevada, Reno.

Professor Eadington compares the rather careful and deliberate approach in Britain to the economic interest group approach in America to gambling law revision. In this article he focuses on the development of casinos in the UK and draws on lessons that can be learnt from other jurisdictions. Emphasising a difference between “attractive” gaming and “ugly” gaming he discusses financial, planning, amenity and social impact implications that can be expected under the new Act.

A Tale of Two Reports: The 1901 – 02 Select Committee on Gambling and the Gambling Report of 2001.
By: Dr Gregory Anderson, Centre for the Study of Gambling, University of Salford.

This fascinating article contrasts the sharply different attitude and approach to gambling that occurred during the 20th Century. At the beginning on the century the over-riding attitude towards gambling was its prohibition, and that was a predominant view until the late 1950’s when a more accepting stance began to emerge.

Learning about Casinos: a Consumer’s Report
By: Marc Etches, Managing director, Leisure Parcs.

This interesting and insightful article relates the author’s learning and experience in attending and American development programme entitled: “Opportunities and Strategies in Evolving Gaming Industries.”

Opportunity with Responsibility.
By Dominic Harrison, [formerly] Ladbrokes Worldwide.

The author states the case for the betting industry to be governed by better regulation rather than uncontrolled deregulation. He puts forward the hypothesis that the opportunity for betting under the new gambling bill may be significant but operators must be cognisant of their responsibilities and highly aware that there can be unintended consequences as the result of legislation.

Do betting exchanges threaten the integrity of sport?
By: Mark Davies, Betfair.

The author examines the evidence and puts forward a powerful case to suggest that it does not and, on the contrary, betting exchanges contribute significantly to the detection of criminal interference in the outcome of a sporting event.

From Here to There: The View from BACTA
By: Keith Smith

This article, which is the basis of a presentation made at a Society meeting, takes a critical look at the proposed legislation and the implications for the machines industry covering Seaside Arcades, Adult Gaming Centres, Machine suppliers and Manufacturers

Taxation Policy and Casinos
By: Peter Collins, Professor of Public Policy Studies and Director of the Centre for the Study of Gambling, University of Salford.

This powerful article highlights the fact that the UK Government has not properly articulated a policy about the economic benefits, and goes on to suggest what needs to be done in order to maximise public policy benefits from the modernisation of gambling laws.

Newsletter 36

The Society for the Study of Gambling: Twenty-five years on, Lady Littler, Chairman the Gaming Board for Great Britain 1992-1998

This paper specially written for the Society's Silver Jubilee meeting plots a course through the regulation of gambling over the last quarter century. It covers the situation in 1977, the changes in the 1980's and 90's and covers some of Lady Littler's personal opinions with regard to the proposed new Gambling Act.

From White Paper to Legislation (From an address to a Salford University seminar, June 2002). Sir Alan Budd. Provost, Queen's College Oxford. Chairman, Gambling Review Board 2000-2002

This article refers to the approach to the Gambling Review and the identification of the "central dilemma - the age old question of freedom v protection." Sir Alan goes on to highlight a few of the less obvious issues that the review board considered. The findings of the review are compared with the Government (DCMS) response. The article also touches upon registration with the Gambling Commission, powers of Local Authorities and protection of children.

Once upon a time in gambling world - with deference to JRR Tolkien, Roy Ramm, London Clubs International.

This contribution is a witty and satirical sketch of the current state of play in the field of gambling. A cleverly constructed light-hearted portayal of hopes and anxieties.

Technology and Gambling: The social impact of Internet gambling. Professor Mark Griffiths, Psychology Division, Nottingham Trent Univerity.

Mark Griffiths opens by placing gambling in an Internet context and gives an overview of some of the main social concerns surrounding the rise in this medium to gamble. The paper also examines whether Internet gambling is 'doubly addictive' given that research suggests that the Internet itself may be addictive.

Gambling in the media. John Lucus, Centre for the Study of Gambling and Commercial Gaming, University of Salford.

This input presents a critics review of 'The Commission', a Radio Four programme fronted by Nick Ross where evidence is presented to selected 'commissioners' who summarise their thoughts and make conclusions. The episode reviewed was that broadcast in the Autumn of 2002 which focussed on the impending relaxation of gambling laws.

Effects of casino gambling on crime and quality of life in new Unitied States casino jurisdictions, Mark W. Nichols, B Grant Stitt and David Giacopassi.

This paper examines the impact of casinos on communities based on a research project covering eight new U.S. casino jurisdictions. Findings indicate that most community leaders believe that casinos have been good for their communities with up to a fifth seeing them as a negative influence. The paper looks at the following areas covered by the research: community perceptions, crime, suicide, bankruptcy, divorce, social capital and quality of life.

The National Lottery: The case for competition. Dr David Forrest, Centre for the Study of Gambling and Commercial Gaming, University of Salford

This article examines the proposition that it would be feasible and desirable to address the lottery situation through reform based on the notion that the consumer and public welfare is improved when competition is introduced into a market. The paper reviews the traditional case for treating the National Lottery as a monopoly; questions whether a natural monopoly is justified; outlines how a competitive industry might be organised; and looks at how liberalisation would bring gains related to the Lotto game itself


Newsletter 35

The rise of mobile phone gambling, Dr. Mark Griffiths, Psychology Division, Nottingham Trent University

This paper looks at the medium of wireless being the perfect for online gambling. It explores the types of gambling that are likely to work best on mobile phones; the applications that will suit '3G' mobile phones; who will be attracted to using this medium to gamble; and how it might be used within the context of everyday living. The paper also address concerns and argues that access and convenience could make "impulse betting" easier, that it might attract a younger breed of gambler, and that there might be problems around legal and regulatory issues.

Edited transcripts of speeches made at the Gambling Industry Forum on 31st October 2001 concerning the Gambling Review.

Contributions by:

Rt. Hon. Richard Caborn, MP` Minister for Sport, DCMS

John Kelly, CEO GalaGroup

Simon Thomas MD, Thomas Holdings Ltd

Andrew Burnett City Leisure Analyst, Merrill Lynch

Tom Kavanagh, Secretary to the Gaming Board for Great Britain

Julien Harris Partner, Pinsent Curtis Biddle

Paul Bellringer Director, GamCare

Paul Talboys, CEO The Bingo Association

Graham White Chief Inspector, Gaming Board for Great Britain

Chris Bone Policy Advisor, Gambling & Lottery Licensing Division, DCMS

Peter Collins Director, Centre for the Study of Gambling and Commercial Gaming, University of Salford

Keith Smith President, BACTA

David Beeton Director General, British Casino Association

Trevor Beaumont, formerly MD Eurobet


Newsletter 34

The Bookmaker's Exodus, Christopher Hill

This interesting paper covers topical issues to do with: bookmaking, betting and the levy; new friends for racing (referring to political friends); the fact that racing interests have realised the importance of the Internet; the new
publications titled 'Sports Advisor' and 'The Racing Tribe'; and reference to the National Lottery.

Are All Men Equal On The Turf And Under It?, Rebecca Cassidy

This paper argues that one of the attractions of betting on racehorses is that it enables the negotiation of class differences. It describes betting as a source of images of social mobility and equality in contrast to the fixed nature of social relations in the racing industry. It takes to task the favourite saying of the racing fraternity, that 'all men are equal on the turf and under it.' It draws on fieldwork spent with two groups of punters who can be found in any British betting ring: 'mugs' and professionals.

Gaming on the Internet, David Annat

This paper covers: some interesting facts; online betting factors; jurisdictions(or lack of them); opportunities and threats; taxation; internal competition; infrastructure; marketing and brand name; innovative marketing; gaining internet traffic; price comparisons;the virtual betting shop; and a look at the future.

Innovative Gambling Scenarios with Preventative Possibilities, Igor Kusyszyn.

The scenarios described in this paper are designed to expand the possibility-thinking of care givers who work with problem gamblers or with potential problem gamblers, and to inspire them to create real-life scenarios that will benefit their clients and the clients' families.


Newsletter 33

Gambling Routines: Customer Profile and Behaviour in UK Betting Shops, Mark Neal,

This paper describes an ongoing study into gambling in the UK to examine off-course betting as a form of social life. It identifies several features of betting shop life that complement and refine the research literature to date; the different sub-groups within the off-course betting population; how they manage their activities in terms of their finances and their domestic and work responsibilities; the often subtle social dynamics of the betting shop. The paper also identifies the different sub-groups involved in off-course betting, and discusses the different times at which they bet and the different strategies they use.

Betting on the Future, Steve Donoughue,

At the Society's meeting on 13 May 1999 Steve Donoughue thought aloud about where the Internet might lead gambling. This article is a summary of what he said.

Women Problem Gamblers: A new focus for treatment provision, Faith L. Freestone,

This article looks at some of the differences between male and female problem gamblers. It covers motivation for gambling; patterns of participation; problems and presentation of problems; and existence and co-existence. The article goes on to look at ways of providing help specifically for women problem gamblers and to highlight some directions for future research in this area.

Gambling Behaviour Before and After the Launch of the National Lottery and Scratch Cards in the UK: a pilot study, Robin-Marie Shepherd and Professor Hamid Ghodse,

This article featured a study that monitored gambling behaviour in 206 residents of Cambridgeshire before and after the launch of the UK's National Lottery. The study found that the affirmative responses to DSM-IV criteria increased significantly at six months after the introduction of the National Lottery and remained at that level at the twelve month follow up. The study also suggested that those with household incomes of less than £12,000 and less than 'O' level education might be particularly vulnerable to develop problems with lottery and scratch card play.

Problem Gambling I: A view from BACTA, Warren Newman,

This article take a look at multiple compulsions; establishing a Gaming Board; social policy considerations; GamCare; research issues; cold fusion; the Prevalence Study; quaint legislation; and age control.

Problem Gambling II: A view from Ladbrokes, John O'Reilly,

This article looks at the issue of responsible gambling, and the importance of finding a balance between the provision of betting facilities and the protection of the public, especially the younger and more vulnerable members of the public.

The Functions of the Levy Board and the Administration of Betting Rings at Horse Racecourses, Lucilla Evers,

This piece covers a brief description of the role, functions and work of the Horserace Betting Levy Board; an explanation of the levy imposed on bookmakers; the statutory purposes of the Board; the issuing of Certificates of Approval at racecourses; and the approval of betting areas.